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MEAN vs MERN vs MEVN: A three-way Web-app development Tussle

May 23rd, 2024
MEAN vs MERN vs MEVN.

Introduction

We live in a time where technology is rapidly advancing. Over the past decade, we've seen major advances like cloud computing, IoT (Internet of Things), social media, machine learning, and artificial intelligence. These technologies have transformed our world.

Today, we have smart gadgets like smartwatches, mobile apps, wireless headphones, fitness trackers, AI-enabled devices, and electric cars. Websites and apps have become very popular, and almost everyone understands how important they are for personal or business use. 

Both websites and apps need the internet to work and are great tools for attracting customers, marketing effectively, and generating revenue.

Using technology effectively is key to success for any website or mobile app. That's why many companies choose to outsource the creation of their websites and apps, especially if they aren't development experts themselves. 

Choosing the right set of technologies, or "technology stack," has also become popular to build these services. Picking the right technology stack is essential for the success and efficiency of your business.

In this article, we'll look at some of the most commonly used technology stacks—the MEAN, MERN, and MEVN stacks. We'll discuss what each of these names stands for, their benefits, and their drawbacks to help you decide which one might be the best choice for your software development needs when you work with a web app or software development company. 

Keep reading to learn more!

Now first, let’s understand what is Stack.

What is Stack?

If we discuss this technically, a stack is a set of tools, languages, databases, frameworks, etc. which are used to develop a complete software solution. If we say in other words, a stack is a bunch of software programs that work with each other to accomplish a common target, like software development. Moreover, it also contains closely related software apps that can streamline the workflow and ultimately support the accomplishment of some specific jobs.

Now, let’s quickly understand what is a MEAN Stack and everything circling MEAN Stack Development

What is MEAN Stack Development?

What is MEAN Stack Development?.

MEAN stack is a technology stack that is open-source and is based on JavaScript. It is perfect for building dynamic web apps and websites - both reactive and advanced. Moreover, it includes various elements that make app development an easy task.

Using reusable coding and the support of end-to-end JavaScript with the usage of a single language makes development easier.

Now, let’s understand the components of MEAN Development.

Components of MEAN Stack Development

  1. MongoDB: It is a database manager

  2. Express.js: It is a server-side application framework.

  3. Angular.js: It is a front-end application development framework

  4. Node.js: It is a cross-platform development framework.

Now further, let’s understand the Pros and Cons of MEAN stack Development

Pros of MEAN Stack Development

  • The MEAN stack is a popular choice for developers because it works with any operating system, which is a big advantage. It supports the MVC (Model-View-Controller) structure, allowing developers to use different programming languages easily.

  • This stack is also perfect for applications hosted on the cloud because it lets developers build and test their apps directly in the cloud environment, offering lots of flexibility.

  • All the components of the MEAN stack are free to use and open-source, supported by a passionate community that helps improve and maintain them. The stack includes its web server, which simplifies setting up websites.

  • The MongoDB database used in the MEAN stack is faster and more adaptable than traditional SQL databases. 

  • It can quickly adjust to increased demand, making it scalable. It's also designed to work well with cloud services, providing features like automatic replication. Overall, the MEAN stack is cost-effective and budget-friendly for businesses.

Cons of MEAN Stack Development

  • App maintenance can prove challenging with this stack can prove to be difficult as it includes a new bunch of libraries and frameworks. Regular updates are essential to minimize this and hence a MEAN stack might become irritating for developers.

  • Its application sustainability can prove to be a significant problem.

  • MongoDB development is popular, but there is a risk of losing important data under heavy load conditions.

So, that’s it about MEAN Stack Development, we hope you got a better understanding of MEAN Stack Development. Now, moving ahead let’s understand what MERN stack development means.

What is MERN Stack Development?

What is MERN Stack Development?.

The MERN stack is usually a modified version of the MEAN stack, which uses React.js instead of Angular.js. Moreover, it also includes a JavaScript stack which can be used for efficient and fast development of the software tools.

A MERN stack development uses a JSX, an upgraded version of JavaScript which enables a unified component work that developers love the most. Moreover, it leverages react.js to build front-end applications,  which is a famous library used to develop an advanced app with an interactive UI.

Now, let’s understand the components of MERN Development.

Components of MERN Stack Development

  • Express.js is a free and open-source framework used to build backend web applications that can run on Node.js servers.

  • MongoDB is a versatile and scalable cross-platform NoSQL database.

  • Node.js is a cross-platform, open-source environment that allows you to run a javascript on the server.

  • React.js is a free front-end JavaScript library that is used to build user interfaces from a reusable UI component.

Now further, let’s understand the Pros and Cons of MERN stack Development

Pros of MERN Stack Development

  • It uses JavaScript as an initial programming language, similar to a MEAN stack, which is operated at any level of the app development process. Moreover, it makes development more effective and supports developers to follow the latest web development method.

  • A MERN stack supports the Model View Controller, which helps smoothen the development procedure while using a different programming language.

  • It also uses a Node.js runtime environment, which is faster and more effective because of its asynchronous nature. It provides a brilliant performance if compared with other programming languages.

  • The global developer community supports a lot to the MERN stack, as it is a simple and open-source platform.

  • Moreover, it also contains React.js which is considered the best tool for front-end development, as it offers a supreme experience to the end user. A few popular websites like Dropbox, Facebook, and Airbnb leverage React.js to build efficient UIs.

Cons of MERN Stack Development

  • Many developers struggle because it lacks some core functions and isn't a complete framework. This means developers often need to rely on third-party services.

  • It also doesn't support direct calls, which are necessary for interacting with backend servers.

  • Because of these limitations, it's not recommended for building large-scale web applications.

Now, let’s understand what is MEVN Development.

What is MEVN Stack Development?

This stack uses Vue.js as a front-end development framework, which is popular among developers because it offers a faster development and more efficiency as compared to React.js and Angular.js. Vue.js offers many functions that can be more prolonged using any third-party services.

In other words, we can say that Vue.js provides the best attributes of both React.js and Angular.js which offer an amazing performance with a super-rich bunch of tools. Moreover, it also uses Express.js to organize all the server-end-related work.

Now, let’s understand the components of MEVN Development.

Components of MEVN Stack Development

  • The MEVN Stack development comprises Node.js

  • It also contains a MongoDB

  • Moreover, it also has a Vue.js included in its tech stack.

  • Lastly, the MEVN stack comprises an Express.js

Now further, let’s understand the Pros and Cons of MEVN stack Development

Pros of MEVN Stack Development

MEVN offers several benefits such as working across different platforms, using the MVC architecture, and employing JavaScript for the entire application. This approach simplifies development because you use the same language, JavaScript, for both the client and server sides, making it easier to understand and manage the software.

Cons of MEVN Stack Development

  • Vue.js is a relatively new language, and support for developers is somewhat lacking. Also, many programmers find it less enjoyable to work with compared to other languages.

  • The flexibility of Vue.js might be a primary issue in large projects where many developers are involved.

  • Moreover, it uses a MongoDB, which is inappropriate for apps that require an MOT, i.e. (Mult-Object Transactions) and it only supports ACID transactions. 

Now, let’s understand how you can choose the right tech stack out of MEAN, MERN, and MEVN.

Before, understanding how to choose the best out of MEAN, MERN, and MEVN, let’s quickly differentiate all three in a tabular format for a better understanding.

Stack

Technologies

Front-end framework

Server-side rendering

Ecosystem

Development Speed

Flexibility

MEAN

MongoDB, Express.js, Angular.js and Node.js

React

Optional

Large

Moderate

Moderate

MERN

MongoDB, Express.js, React.js, and Node.js

Angular

Built-in (Next.js)

Smaller

Faster

Moderate

MEVN

MongoDB, Express.js, Vues.js, and Node.js

Vue.js

Optional

Large

Moderate

Flexible

How to Choose the best out of MEAN, MERN and MEVN

How to Choose the best out of MEAN, MERN and MEVN.

The choice between MEAN, MERN, and MEVN is based on the below mentioned below:

Familiarity with technologies

When considering your outsourcing development team you should consider checking out the team’s expertise and familiarity with the tech stacks involved. If your team specializes in React.js then MERN might be for you, similarly if you are well-versed with Angular.js or Vue.js then either MEAN or NEVN could be the best choice.

Project Requirements

Each stack has its capability. Below is a brief overview of each of them

  1. MEAN stack offers a full JavaScript stack that is powerful enough to build real-time applications. Its powerful ecosystem handles authentication and authorization

  2. MERN stack is an excellent choice for building a single-page application and is well-known for its flexibility and extensive library support.

  3. MEVN is lightweight and well-suited for projects where performance is considered a top priority. Vue.js’s simplicity can make development faster and bundle sizes smaller.

Community and Ecosystem

Make a note of the community and ecosystem surrounding each of the three tech stacks. A more extensive community typically means more resources, libraries, and solutions that are readily available. As per one of the recent updates of September 2021, all three stacks had active communities, but MERN came out as one of the largest and most vibrant communities.

Scalability and Performance

When planning your project, consider how it will grow and perform. Both MEAN and MERN stacks are great for building bigger applications because they can handle growth well. The MEVN stack can also handle growth, but it might be better for smaller to medium-sized projects where you need to focus on making things run smoothly and quickly.

Project Timeline

Analyze the project timeline. If you’re working under tight deadlines, consider a stack that you are your team is well-versed in to achieve fruitful results.

Third-party Integrations

Consider if your project needs to work with specific outside tools or services. Some stacks might have better support or more options for integrating these third-party elements than others.

Long term Support

Consider using technologies from a Long-term support perspective. Moreover, it is necessary to check that Angular, React.js, and Vue.js are all actively maintained, however, there can be different release cycles in technologies like Node.js and Express.js

Now, let’s understand the Cost of hiring a MEAN, MERN, and MEVN developer.

Cost of hiring MEAN vs MERN v MEVN developer

Cost of hiring MEAN vs MERN v MEVN developer.

A MEAN stack developer in the US usually earns between $120,000 and $156,000 per year. For entry-level positions, it's around $100,000 annually.

On the other hand, a MERN Stack developer earns about $107,500 yearly, with experienced ones making up to $146,250 per year, and entry-level around $87,500.

A typical MEVN stack developer’s salary ranges from $100,000 to $150,000/year, this can be even higher for a senior-level executive. 

Now, let’s understand who amongst MEAN, MERN and MEVN are the best.

MEAN vs MERN vs MEVN - Who wins the battle

All the above-listed frameworks and technology stacks comprise essential attributes, thus making them unique. Choosing an excellent stack for your software project and software development lets you determine which type of stack should you use.

If your developers are choosing Angular over React.js then using MEAN stack should be the go-to strategy. Famous companies like NASA, HBO, Nike, and YouTube have used MEAN stack development for their precise web solutions.

A MERN Stack supports developers in making UI rendering simple with its React.js library. Moreover, it also uses the solo language for both server-end scripting and customers. Hence, there is no requirement for context switching, which gives developers more freedom. Giant organizations like Netflix, Flipkart and Uber use MERN syck and its web solutions which are entirely based on React.js

However, if you want to build an app with MVC ability and the best server-side functionality, using MEVN may be your go-to choice. It also offers powerful features like MERN which supports us in designing best-performance applications like social networking apps, e-commerce, and gaming apps.

Now, let’s understand how Acquaint Softtech can help you hire MEAN stack developers or hire MERN Stack developers to meet your development needs

How can Acquaint Softtech help?

Acquaint Softtech is a 15+ year-old seasoned player in the IT domain providing Software Development Outsourcing Services. Not only this we are an official Laravel Development Partner.

We at Acquaint Softtech aim to provide streamlined custom web app and software development services by turning our clients' ideas into a final product. Lastly, we also help to hire remote developers through our IT Staff Augmentation services.

Wrapping Up!

In conclusion, selecting the right technology stack—be it MEAN, MERN, or MEVN—depends largely on your project's specific requirements, your team’s familiarity with the technologies, and the desired scalability and performance of the application.

Each stack has its strengths and ideal use cases, from real-time applications and single-page applications to high-performance projects. Understanding these can significantly influence the success of your software development endeavors.

Acquaint Softtech, with its deep expertise and extensive experience, stands ready to guide and support you through this crucial decision-making process, ensuring your project not only meets but exceeds expectations. Whether you're looking to hire remote developers or seeking expert advice on your next project, Acquaint Softtech is the partner you need to bring your innovative visions to life.

FAQ

Which language is used in the MERN Stack?

JavaScript makes building full-stack web apps faster and simpler. MERN Stack is a friendly framework for creating apps and dynamic webpages using JavaScript for both front-end and back-end development.

Which is better MERN stack or MEAN stack?

MEAN stack development is ar better than MERN as it maintains a complete architecture by providing a well-organized framework that is compatible with MC design. Despite the fact, that MERN stack development uses MVC design, MEAN stack development keeps it behind as it makes the development process easier.

Which is better MEAN, MERN or MEVN?

Out of the three MEVn is considered to be the best option as it has a superior hand when you are looking forward to building a web app using an MVC capability, it also enables an efficient server-side functionality.

Have a MERN development project?

Then we at Acquaint Softtech can help you develop your web application at the most affordable price.

.

Mukesh Ram

Founder and CEO, Acquaint Softtech

I love to make a difference. Thus, I started Acquaint Softtech with the vision of making developers easily accessible and affordable to all. Me and my beloved team have been fulfilling this vision for over 15 years now and will continue to get even bigger and better.

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